The Apple 1 Registry

A Virtual Museum of Original Apple 1 Computers

63 Apple 1s Currently Listed

last updated Jan, 2014

If you have more information send me email

click here to go to Mike's Apple 1 page 

Introduction

Apple 1's were clearly built in two main batches, though it is possible that there were further sub batches.  The two main batches are identified by the PCB manufacturer.  The first batch did not have the PCB manufacturer on the front copper layer of the board.  The later batch had the label NTI on the front, etched in copper right under the "APPLE COMPUTER 1" logo.  Each batch had a slightly different mix of components.  This is an attempt to catalog known Apple 1s and provide basic details helpful in identification of each one.  The earliest known owner or other unique attribute,  will be used as the base identifier.  If I can get permission to post an image, I will also provide a visual record of the motherboard. 

Serial Numbers - NOT!!!

Some original Apple 1s are found with numbered labels or numbers written directly on the PCBs with a black marker.  These are not serial numbers.  According to Steve Jobs, those numbers were not placed on the units by Apple.  I have an unconfirmed feeling that numbered stickers are inspection numbers used by the PCB manufacturer/assembler.  An interesting fact is that there are two Apple 1's with stickers numbered 49 affixed to the back side.  There is another set of boards with numbers written with black permanent markers on the back of the boards.  Anecdotal evidence, by people that should know, are that those identifying numbers were added to the motherboards by Byte Shop(s). 

If you have an original Apple 1 and want to contribute to this effort, drop me an email.  Once I feel that your unit is likely to be authentic, and not a duplicate, it will be categorized into the batch that I believe that it would have come from and added to this registry.  Upon request, I will withhold your name and personal information.

Be aware that not all originals are listed here.  There are several existing Apple 1's that the compliers of this list are aware of, through word of mouth.  However, no images (concrete evidence) has been seen, so they are left off the list.

Since Apple 1's change hands so frequently, there is some possibility that units could be listed twice in this list, especially those units without distinctive enclosures or quality images of the motherboard.  I do my best to filter through available information in order to prevent this.

Warning

In the past, there has been at least one known attempt to sell a reproduction Apple 1, as an original.  Reproductions are getting harder and harder to tell from originals.  Some builders of reproduction Apple 1's have gone to the effort to find components with the same manufacturer and date code as were used on original Apple 1s.  When these components could not be found, chips have even been relabeled to reflect date code correct parts.  At this point, as far as we know,  no hobbyist have done this to deceive potential purchasers, but the potential is there.  There is also growing potential for people who have inherited a reproduction to accidentally misrepresent a reproduction as an original.

It is hoped that this list will  be helpful in authenticating original units.   Do to the increasing quality of reproductions, be aware that even the maintainers of this list could potentially be confused by a fake, which might end up on this list.  If you are in the market for an original Apple 1, be extremely careful about what you are investing in.


Components

Check out this Applefritter Post for an initial description of components used in at least 2 batches.
http://www.applefritter.com/node/24536#comment-59895

This is the beginning of a spreadsheet showing as much component information as can be determined for each unit.


Apple 1 Batches  (NTI and non-NTI boards)

Besides Woz's hand wired prototype and at least one manufactured prototype, there were probably two batches of Apple 1 PCBs made.  Date codes on chips installed in the first batch indicate that it was made around April of 1976.   The date codes on the second batch point to a production date in the second half of 1976.  The first batch and second batch were apparently made by different PCB manufacturers. 

Apple 1s  Trade Ins

Some Apple 1's were traded in for credit on Apple IIs.  The credit offered was not a great deal.  See this letter for an example of what Fred Hatfield was offered.  He turned it down.  The only person that I've run across that actually executed a trade in was Bob Bishop, famous Apple II programmer.  I exchanged some emails with Bob recently, and he doesn't remember what he received.  He does think it was along the lines of what Fred was offered.  There are a couple of units in existence that were probably traded in.  These are the two that the Huston brothers took from the pile in Steve Jobs office.  Although there are stories of many Apple 1s being traded in for Apple IIs, I have found evidence of very few actual trade ins.


Unsold Apple 1s

Early in Apple history, there was a stack of Apple 1's, first in a cabinet in the lab and later on, moved to Steve Job's office.  Depending upon which early Apple employee you talk to, the stack was either large or small in size.  The best take from this is that there were a modest number of individual units in the stack, but they took up a large amount of vertical space, due to height the heat sinks.  There were two categories of units in this stack.  In addition to a few units that were traded in for credit on Apple IIs, there were a number of unsold Apple 1s, that were never populated with chips and tested.   A number of early Apple employees were allowed to take one of these boards home.   All of the unsold units were NTI boards and had no chips in the sockets.  Some have been populated and brought to life since that time.  Since not many people know the story of the unpopulated/unsold boards, when encountering these boards,  people usually speculate that the chips were pulled from the boards after being sold.


How Many Apple 1s Exist?

Besides those listed here, I have heard through the grapevine of several more.    It is also probable that the first 4 units on the following list (and possibly more) have been lost.  There are undoubtedly a number that are still not known to me or or my friends.  Since Apple did not put serial numbers on units, tracking units is a pretty difficult task.  It is very possible that some of the poorer documented units on this list could be duplicates.


Summary of Apple 1s


The following chart is organized by version, 22uF cap colors, DRAM and 6502 type.  Those characteristics can be used to narrow down a particular unit to being part of a fairly small group of similar units.  Follow the link in the name column to find out more about the unit and see images (if available).

#
NAME
VERSION
ID
LOCATION
Last
Operation
6502
22UF caps
DRAM
Image Quality
1
1st Prototype
Hand wired
-
unknown -



poor
2
Production Prototype
pre-production
-
unknown -



fair
3
Apple Ad 1
no NTI
-
unknown -
white
all blue?
ceramic
excellent
4
Apple Ad 2
no NTI?
-
unknown -
white
all blue?
ceramic
fair
5
CHM #1
no NTI
-
Mountain View, CA
no
white
all blue
plastic/ceramic
excellent
6
Byte Shop #32 no NTI 01-0032
USA 2013 white all blue plastic/ceramic excellent
7
Computer Closet Collection no NTI
unknown unknown white all blue plastic/ceramic fair
8
Framed #1 no NTI
Traveling Museum 2011 white all blue plastic excellent
9
Wendell Sander no NTI 01-0024 USA 2013 white all blue plastic excellent
10
Rick Conte no NTI
USA unknown white all blue plastic good
11
Jim McCaig no NTI 01-0040 unknown unknown white all blue plastic excellent
12
2002 VCF auction no NTI
unknown 2002? white all blue plastic poor
13
John Burch no NTI 01-0013 USA unknown white all blue plastic excellent
14
Rack Mount no NTI
USA unknown white all blue plastic good
15
Moore no NTI
USA unknown white all blue plastic good
16
VCF 2003 no NTI 01-0011 unknown unknown white all blue plastic good
17
framed #4 no NTI 01-0046
unknown 2013
white all blue plastic good
18
Byte shop 1-25 no NTI 01-0025 Italy 2013 white all blue plastic poor
19
Huston #1 no NTI 7/L(stamp) USA unknown white all blue 4k plastic good
20
Christies June 2012 no NTI
unknown unknown white all blue 4k plastic fair
21
Byte Shop 60 no NTI 01-0060 USA unknown white all blue 4k plastic excellent
22
Winston Gayler
no NTI

Museum San Jose
2013
white
all blue
plastic/ceramic
excellent
23
Rudie Hoess no NTI
Sydney, Australia (not on display) unknown plastic all blue plastic good
24
Liza Loop no NTI
USA unknown plastic all blue plastic poor
25
VCF midwest demo no NTI
USA 2013 plastic all blue plastic good
26
Sicilian no NTI
78? Sicily
unknown
white
all blue
plastic
good, partial
27
Ricketts no NTI
USA unknown white all blue missing poor
28
Copson no NTI
USA unknown white all blue missing good
29
Applefritter no NTI?
unknown unknown white
expanded poor
30
Torzewski no NTI 01-0051? unknown unknown white

poor
31
Museum in Bern no NTI
Bern, Switzerland unknown


none
32
Jean Louie Gassee no NTI? 01-0005 unknown unknown


none
33
Nexon Museum NTI
Jeju Island, South Korea 2010 white all gold plastic good
34
Nixdorf Museum NTI 75(sticker) Germany unknown white all gold plastic good
35
Science Museum London NTI
London, England unknown
all gold plastic fair
36
framed #2 NTI
Asia 2012 plastic all gold plastic excellent
37
Anderson NTI 82(sticker) Italy 2012 plastic all gold ceramic/plastic good
38
De Anza College NTI?
unknown never missing all gold
missing poor
39
Startup Museum NTI?
Albuquerque, NM unknown
all gold
none
40
Ex Employee1 NTI 4062(sticker) USA 2013 plastic all gold plastic good
41
Duston
NTI
USA unknown white 4 gold/1 blue
plastic excellent
42
CHM#2
NTI

Mountain View, CA unknown
white
3 gold/2 blue
plastic
excellent
43
Larry Nelson NTI
unknown unknown white 3 gold/2 blue plastic fair
44
Hatfield NTI
Korea 2013 white 3 gold/2 blue plastic good
45
Ray Borrill NTI 37(sticker)
Japan 2000 synerteck 3 gold/2 blue plastic excellent
46
Roth NTI
unknown unknown white 3 gold/2 blue expanded fair
47
jeff Raskin NTI
unknown unknown white 1 gold/4 blue
plastic good
48
American Computer Museum NTI
Bozeman, Mt unknown white 1 gold/4 blue plastic none
49
National Museum of Scotland NTI
Edinburgh, Scotland unknown white 1 gold/4 blue plastic fair
50
Dave NTI 37(sticker) USA unknown white 1 gold/4 blue plastic excellent
51
Ex Employee2 NTI 4062(sticker) USA 2013 plastic 1 gold/4 blue plastic good
52
Ex Employee3 NTI 4062&49(sticker) USA unknown plastic 1 gold/4 blue plastic good
53
Hoag NTI 4062&43(sticker) USA never plastic 1 gold/4 blue missing excellent
54
Schoolsky NTI 4062&49(sticker) USA never missing 1 gold/4 blue missing excellent
55
Postman NTI 49(sticker) USA 2012 white 1 gold/4blue ceramic excellent
56
Japanese NTI
Japan 2012?
plastic
plastic/ceramic fair
57
Cursed
NTI

France
unknown



none
58
it-history.net NTI?
unknown unknown


poor
59
Smithsonian
unknown

Washington, DC (not on display)
unknown



none
60
Enter Museum
unknown

Solothurn, Switzerland
2012?


none
61
Berkeley Store
unknown

USA unknown



none
62
Mitchell Waite
unknown

USA unknown



none
63
framed #3
unknown

USA
1993?



none


The following Apple 1 descriptions are divided into 3 main sections - units seen in old, period photos, units in museums and units owned by individuals.   Where possible history of unit and interesting characteristics of the board are included in the descriptions.

Historic Units - Units Seen in Only in Old Images


Woz - first prototype

http://www.cedmagic.com/history/apple-1-2-steves.html
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ul7NkLGtD84



Paul Terrel's Image of prototype Apple 1
http://techland.time.com/2012/11/22/behold-some-of-the-first-apple-computer-photos-ever/



Apple 1 in advertisement #1- one with white 6502 and 6820

photo used in ad

http://www.macmothership.com/gallery/gallery1.html


Apple 1 in advertisement and photographs #2- the one with white 6502

http://www.macmothership.com/gallery/gallery1.html



In Museums

Computer History Museum (Mountain View, CA)
Woz's production
        board at the computer history museum
image courtesy of Wendell Sander


Computer History Museum
NTI board at computer history museum
image courtesy of Wendell Sander


Framed Apple 1 (1 of 4) - Auctioned - August  2010
Cameron Cooper's
        Apple 1

http://www.artfact.com/auction-lot/an-apple-i-apple-1-early-personal-computer-with-1-c-b8a066d9bb

Computer Museum in Bern

http://www.applefritter.com/pictures/index.html
http://www.macprime.ch/news/article/berner-museum-zeigt-den-legendaeren-apple-i/

Rudie Hoess's Apple 1 - Powerhouse Museum in Sydney, Australia

Powerhouse Museum

Nexon Computer Museum
Apple 1 ebay910

The "cursed" Apple 1

http://pagesperso-orange.fr/fabrice.montupet/apple1.htm
http://silicium.org/site/
http://www.silicium.org/oldskool/apple/apple1.htm

The Smithsonian's Apple Computer
http://www.computersciencelab.com/ComputerHistory/HtmlHelp/Images2/Apple1.jpg

The Startup Museum in Albuquerque, NM
http://www.startupgallery.org/gallery/item.php?ii=27


Nixdorf Computer Museum - #75
Nixdorf Museum
        Apple 1

"Enter" computer museum in Solothurn, Switzerland

 http://www.enter-online.ch/
I'm told that it is working


American Computer Museum

http://www.compustory.com/index.html

Science Museum of London

http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/icons_of_invention/technology/1968-2000/IC.094/

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apple_I_computer.jpg

National Museum of Scotland

http://www.nms.ac.uk/collections/results.php?terms=apple+1&mode=search&key=description


Winston Gaylor's Apple 1

Winson Gaylor's
        Apple 1

I believe that his system came to be in the Museum San Jose through the following path, though museum records can't confirm it.
  1. Purchased from Winston Gayler by Computer History Association of California  (now defunct)
  2. This occurred due to a donation by Larry Tesler (at one time, chief scientist of Apple) in late 1993 or early 1994
  3. Displayed at FRYs in the late 90s
  4. Somehow donated or loaned to Museum San Jose sometime around the time of the disbanding of the Computer History Association
  5. Powered up and operated in the spring of 2013 in a documented news story (San Jose Mercury).  Woz and a number of other people and Apple 1s were present.

Private Ownership


Liza Loop - # unknown

http://www.technologyreview.com/infotech/18658/


Wendell Sanders - byte shop 01-0024
Wemdel Sander's
          Apple 1
image courtesy of wsander


Charles and Edythe Ricketts

http://www.macgeek.org/museum/appleone/

Joe Copson's Apple 1
Joe Copson's Apple 1

Berkeley Computer Store Owner


Ex-Apple Employee


Ex-Apple Employee

Employee 1s
        Apple 1

Ex-Apple Employee
Employee
          1sApple 1


Mitchell Waite's Apple 1

Rick Conte's Apple 1
Rick Conte's Apple 1

Computer Closet Collection

http://www.computercloset.org/apple1.htm

Jim McCaig's - byte shop #40

McCaig's A1McCaigs Apple 1

2002 VCF auction

http://www.wired.com/gadgets/mac/commentary/cultofmac/2002/04/51907

Operated at VCF Midwest in 2011 and 2012, KFest 2013

Christopher's Apple 1

Byte Shop Apple 1

byte shop
        apple 1

No NTI logo
I don't currently have much information on this unit, other than this image.
Owned by private collector in USA

Jef Raskin's Apple 1

http://www.digibarn.com/friends/jef-raskin/apple-1/index.html 
Larry Nelson's Apple 1

http://www.rickcrandall.net/article32.php


LCF group #1 - Adam Schoolsky

LCF group #1

Byte Shop 01-0060  (LCF group #2)

LCF group #2

LCF group #3

LCF group #2



John Burch - byte shop 01-0013 (LCF group #4)

LCF group #4

Rack Mounted Apple 1

Rack Mount Apple
        1

#37, 2000 VCF Auction, Ray Borrill

http://www.vintage.org/2000/apple-1.html

http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/apple/apple_I/


http://homepage2.nifty.com/56thWAREHOUSE/APPLE1/APPLE12.html
I understand that this is owned by same person that owns #37/Ray Borrill and it is displayed on the same web page


Joe Torzewski's Apple 1

http://torzewski.tripod.com/apple1computer/


Dave in Arizona

Dave from Arizona's
        Apple 1


Framed Apple 1 (3 of 4)


#43 - Glen Hoag's Apple 1
# 43 top10#43 bottom

Monroe Postman- #49 sticker on back
top of #49bottom of #49

#82 on sticker on back - Frank Anderson


http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_zxI22dsOsAo/S5B-X0UKw8I/AAAAAAAAAbU/URE_2ErXPnk/s1600-h/Picture+2.png


Huston Brothers - #unknown (7 or L stamped on back in a circle)

http://apple1computer.blogspot.com/2010/03/another-very-nice-apple-1-sold-on-ebay.html

June Blodgett Moore's Apple 1
Moore's Apple 1

Sicilian Apple 1


Byte Shop 1-25
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/10/apple-auction-christies_n_3572903.html


Unknown Whereabouts


2003 VCF Auctioned Apple 1

http://www.vintage.org/special/2003/apple-1/


Christie's June 22, 2012 Auction

http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/books-manuscripts/computing-apple-1-personal-computer-an-5578235-details.aspx?from=salesummary&intObjectID=5578235&sid=77a3f0f9-7f14-4a01-98d7-529e0f251c97

#37 Fred in Louisiana

fred's apple 1 back of Fred's Apple 1

Framed Apple 1 (2 of 4)
MECC apple 1

Framed Apple 1 (4 of 4)


Huston Brothers - #2
Huston #2

Seen at De Anza College Vintage Computer Display Dec 29, 2007

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apple1_MLB.jpg

Byte Shop 01-005, Jean Louie Gassee's Apple 1

Bob Roth's Apple 1

Bob Roth's Apple 1

I'll let Bob tell the story of this unit

"My name is Bob Roth. I bought an Apple 1 computer at a computer store in Orange County, California in the late 1970's. I paid $40.00 for the circuit board which included the audio interface board. They had 2 Apple 1's there, but the other one didn't have the audio board with it. And besides, who needed more than one computer anyway?
 
I constructed the case that is shown in the photos. I mounted the mother board on a piece of 1/4 inch aluminum and then built the rest of the case out of mahogany. My Dad owned a plastic engraving company at the time so I had him engrave the front panels for me.The ASCII keyboard was a Radio Shack kit that you had to solder the keys onto a circuit board.  I added more RAM memory for a total of 20K. I did this by stacking the 4K RAM chips on top of each other, bent out the chip select line from the chip, and then constructed a address decoder in the prototype area of the mother board. I also printed out the BASIC program code using a PR-40 printer that I had and then blew the code into PROMS. I constructed a circuit board with the PROMS on it  that attached to the second connector at the rear of the main board. From then on I could start BASIC by just typing the E000R command. The display was a black and white TV that my Mother had. I had planned to do more mods to the computer like a data and address display along with single step capabilities, but never finished it.
 
By this time, (1981) Apple 2's were everywhere. There was a new Apple store opening up in Riverside, California where I lived. They knew I had built my Apple 1 and asked me to display it for the grand opening of the store. Steve Jobs was to be the featured guest for the opening of the new store. Jobs saw my computer and was asking me some questions about it. He then asked me if I would like to trade it for a new Apple 2 computer, with a disk drive and the Pascal language system. About $2000.00 worth of computer at the time. He said Woz would love to have it back. I was in college at the time and had no money. And I really wanted a new Apple 2. So I made the deal. He gave me his business card and told me to call his secretary and have her set up the trade. I took my Apple 1 to Apple in Cupertino. They escorted me into the building and into a conference room. They had a release form already printed up and ready for me to sign. So I left my Apple 1 there. I still have the Apple 2. Obviously not the smartest move I ever made.
 
So I have a question. Have you seen this Apple 1 anywhere? I saw a picture of it on the Dot Eaters German web site http://www.8bit-museum.de/ but that's about it.  There was also a picture of it in the old A+ magazine years ago. I'm just curious who wound up with it.
Shown In Tom Owad's Applefritter Gallery

http://www.applefritter.com/image/uid/1?from=120 (dead link)

depicted at it-history.net

http://it-history.net/forth_generation.html

Misidentified


Stanford University

Example original Apple 1 Systems seen on Ebay

I've decided to log the ending prices of those auctions I've noticed on this page.
Year Auction Note Selling price
2009 320431509242 buy it now auction $17,000.00
2009 320447681957 buy it now auction $50,000.00
2010 160413355114 pristine motherboard and accessories $42,766.00
2010 320585219846 rework in proto area,  assortment of accessories $22,766.66
2012 160810171525 1 Bank DRAM, with ACI card - some replaced components
$75,600.00



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